Sinusitis - inflammation of the sinuses
In human skulls, there are four "holes" on the left and right, called sinuses. These cavities make the skull lighter and serve as a resonance space for the voice. This is why one hears when the sinuses are inflamed (sinusitis): The voice sounds nasal.
Sinusitis is available in two variants: acute and chronic. The acute form usually arises after a cold (influenza infection). As the sinuses are connected to the nasal cavity by narrow passages, viruses and bacteria are easily migrated into the sinuses. Most frequently affected is the nasal sinus, which is found in the upper jaw to the left and right of the nose. If acute sinusitis does not cure, it can mutate into a chronic form. In Western medicine one speaks of "chronic" when the sinusitis lasts longer than three months. Particularly endangered for the development of chronic sinusitis are people with hay fever or bronchial asthma.
The treatment of sinusitis includes, depending on the form, decaying nasal drops (causes the secretion to flow from the sinuses), antibiotics (in case of bacterial infection) or surgery (especially in chronic sinusitis)
The sinuses as a slimy pond
In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)sinusitis is called "Bi Yuan" (pronounced "Bi Yüaan"). This means "deep pond in the nose". Typical signs of disease are purulent, putrid nasal secretion, blocked nose, headache and sneezing.
From the point of view of TCM, sinusitis is a congestion of juices in the sinuses leading to the formation of mucus. The process is triggered by wind-cold, wind-heat, liver heat or moisture-heat. The TCM specialist will find the correct cause by the symptoms, the nature of the tongue and the pulse quality. Sinusitis, for example, is a result of liver heat with putrid nasal secretions, a strong feeling of heat in the head, and headaches in the forehead or behind the eyes. The tongue is red with a yellow covering; The pulse is "string-shaped" and fast.
The therapy depends on the exact diagnosis. Basically, acupuncture and herbal mixtures are used. It is about dissipating the wind, cooling it, and diluting the mucus.